Unit 1: Introduction to Chemistry
PI 1.1Use proper laboratory and safety procedures to investigate phenomena
1.1Identify proper safety procedures in the laboratory
1.2Identify and use proper tools and equipment in the laboratory
1.3Differentiate between qualitative and quantitative data
1.6Differentiate between accuracy and precision
PI 1.2Convert measurements among a variety of different units using dimensional analysis
1.4Convert measurements among the metric units
1.8Convert measurements using dimensional analysis
PI 1.3Use significant figures to communicate quantitative precision
1.5Identify the appropriate measuring device for a specific problem and count the number of significant figures in a measurement
1.7Convert numbers to and from scientific notation maintaining the precision of the measurement
1.9Round numbers to the correct number of significant figures
1.10Add and subtract numbers maintaining the precision of the measurement
1.11Multiply and divide numbers maintaining the precision of the measurement
PI 1.4Use properties to classify and make predictions about substances
1.12Identify and differentiate among the seven diatomic molecules
1.13Differentiate among physical and chemical properties and changes
1.14Distinguish among a mixture, compound, and a pure substance
1.15Explain the states of matter in terms of particles
1.16Classify mixtures as homogeneous or heterogeneous
1.17Relate the atomic symbols with their correct atomic name
1.18Calculate the density of a substance
Unit 2: Thermal Chemistry and the Atom
PI 2.1Use thermal energy calculations to make predictions about substances at the molecular level
2.1Compute how heat energy added to a substance will change the substance's temperature
2.2Apply the definition of heat to the molecular level
2.3Identify phase changes and calculate the energy needed to change a phase
PI 2.2Differentiate among the types of energy including electromagnetic radiation
2.4Differentiate among the different types of energy
2.5Calculate the speed, wavelength, and frequency of electromagnetic radiation
2.6Differentiate among different types of electromagnetic radiation
PI 2.3Use historical ideas about the atom to develop a model for atomic structure
2.7Identify the significance of the various outcomes of Thomson's and Rutherford's experiments
2.8Identify the charge, mass, and location of the three subatomic particles
2.9Calculate the atomic mass of a given sample with a given percent abundance, and vice versa
Unit 3: The Electron
PI 3Determine the location of electrons in atoms and ions
3.1Write the electron configuration of various atoms
3.2Write the electron configuration of various ions
3.3Using Aufbau's Principle and Hund's Rule, assign electrons to main energy levels and write energy level diagrams for atoms and ions
Unit 4: The Periodic Table
PI 4Use the Periodic Table to identify properties and periodic trends to describe and classify different elements
4.1Use the modern periodic table to predict an element's chemical and physical properties
4.2Define atomic radii, ionic radii, ionization energy, electron affinity, and electronegativity in terms of the Periodic Table
4.3Define valence electrons and determine the number of valence electrons for any main group elements
Unit 5: Chemical Bonding
PI 5.1Define a chemical bond in terms of electrons and differentiate among different types of bonds
5.1Define a chemical bond and calculate the electronegativity difference to determine bond type and polarity
5.2Use the octet rule to write Lewis structures for compounds
5.3Determine whether a given chemical is an ionic, covalent, or metallic compound
PI 5.2Differentiate among the properties of the different types of chemical bonds
5.4Distinguish between ionic and molecular properties
5.5Identify and describe the metallic properties of conductivity, malleability, ductility, and luster
5.6Differentiate how electrons behave in ionic, covalent, and metallic compounds
PI 5.3Use VSEPR Theory to describe the geometric shape of molecules
5.7Use VSEPR Theory to describe the geometric shape of molecules
PI 5.4Use intermolecular forces to describe and make predictions about a variety of substances
5.8Differentiate among dipole-dipole forces, ion-dipole forces, hydrogen bonding, and london dispersion forces
5.9Arrange a group of chemicals in order of increasing freezing or boiling point by considering intermolecular forces
Unit 6: Inorganic Nomenclature
PI 6.1Determine the name and chemical formula for ions and ionic compounds
6.1Identify the oxidation number for an element or polyatomic ion and write the correct formula for the ion and vice versa
6.2Use the rules for assigning oxidation numbers to determine the formula for an ionic compound from its chemical name
6.3Name ionic compounds from given chemical formulas
PI 6.2Determine the name and chemical formula for molecular compounds
6.4Write molecular formulas from the names and numbers of the atoms present
6.5Name molecular compounds from given chemical formulas
PI 6.3Use the Stock System to name compounds including transition metals and name acidic compounds
6.6Use oxidation numbers to name compounds and write formulas involving transition ions using the Stock System
6.7Determine the name of an acid from a formula and derive the formula of an acid from its name
Unit 8: Chemical Equation Stoichiometry
PI 7.1Use Avogadro's Number and molar mass to calculate the number of moles of a substance
7.1Use Avogadro's number to differentiate between number of molecules and a mole of a substance
7.2Use the Periodic Table to calculate the molar mass of a substance
7.3Use molar mass to differentiate among mass and a mole of a substance
PI 7.2Calculate the percent composition and use it to determine the empirical and molecular formulas
7.4Use molar mass to calculate the percent composition of a substance
7.5Identify a compound's empirical formula and calculate the molecular formula from the empirical formula and other data
Unit 8: Chemical Equation Stoichiometry
PI 8.1Write, balance, and categorize a chemical equation
8.1Correctly write a formula equation from a word equation and vice versa
8.2Balance chemical equations
8.3Identify and differentiate among synthesis, decomposition, single-replacement, double-replacement, and combustion reactions
PI 8.2Use stoichiometry to calculate simple reactant and/or product quantities
8.4Predict the products for each type of chemical reaction
8.5Use mole ratios and dimensional analysis to solve stoichiometry problems
PI 8.3Use limiting reactants to calculate more complicated reactant and/or product quantities
8.6Use stoichiometry to determine the limiting reactant of a reaction
8.7Use the limiting reactant to determine the amount of product and calculate percent yield
PI 8.4Write different types of equations, including heat transfer and net ionic equations
8.8Complete net ionic equations and identify spectator ions
8.9Define and differentiate between exothermic and endothermic chemical reactions
Unit 9: The Gas Laws
PI 9.1Describe and calculate simple properties associated with gaseous substances
9.1Use the Kinetic Molecular Theory of Matter to identify behaviors of real and ideal gases
9.2Relate the pressure of a gas to the force exerted
9.3Differentiate among various units of pressure
PI 9.2Solve quantitative gas properties problems using the gas laws
9.4Use standard temperature and pressure to solve stoichiometric problems
9.5Use the Combined Gas Law to solve for a gases volume, pressure, or temperature
9.6Use Dalton's Law of Partial Pressures to describe different mixed-gas situations
9.7Using the Ideal Gas Law, calculate a gases volume, pressure, temperature, or amount.
PI 9.3Define boiling and solve complicated quantitative gas property problems
9.8Define boiling in terms of equilibrium vapor pressure
9.9Use the ideal gas law and stoichiometry to solve application problems.
Unit 10: Solution Chemistry
PI 10.1Describe the dissolution process and differentiate among different dissolution constraints
10.1Differentiate between the solute and solvent in a solution and compare electrolytes to nonelectrolytes
10.2Describe how changing the pressure, temperature, or surface area of a solution/solute will affect the rate of dissolution
PI 10.2Determine the level of saturation in a variety of solutions
10.3Differentiate among unsaturated, saturated, and supersaturated solutions
10.4Calculate how many grams of a solute are needed to make a saturated solution
PI 10.3Use different measures of concentration to represent the concentration of solute in a solution
10.5Calculate the molarity of a solution when given the amount of solute and solvent
10.6Dilute a given solution from one concentration to a weaker concentration
10.7Calculate other measures of solution concentration, including ppt, ppm, and ppb
PI 10.4Use molarity to make advanced stoichiometric calculations
10.8Use molarity to make stoichiometric calculations
Unit 11: Chemical Equilibrium
PI 11Use chemical equilibrium to make predictions about chemical processes and situations
11.1Calculate the equilibrium constant for a reversible chemical reaction
11.2Calculate the reaction quotient for a given time and a given chemical reaction and compare it to the equilibrium constant
11.3Predict how specific stresses, including temperature, pressure, and change in concentration, will affect a chemical system at equilibrium according to Le Chatelier's Principle
Unit 12: Acid and Base Chemistry
PI 12.1Identify compounds as acidic, basic, or neutral
12.1Classify a compound as an Arrhenius Acid or Base
12.2Classify a compound as a Bronsted-Lowry Acid or Base
12.3Identify the six strong acids
PI 12.2Identify conjugate acid-base pairs and predict the product of acid-base reactions
12.4Label conjugate acid-base pairs
12.5Determine the products of an acid-base neutralization reaction
PI 12.3Calculate the pH of different acidic and basic solutions
12.6Calculate the pH of strong acid and strong base solutions
12.7Calculate the pH of weak acid and weak base solutions
12.8Identify common indicators and the pH range they are used for